Here are examples of bodies of water (mga anyong tubig) in the Philippines and in other parts of the world. This is taught at the Grade 2 level in a subject called Sibika…
Pictures of Anyong TubigNaghahanap po ba kayo ng mga larawan ng mga anyong tubig tulad ng Golpo ng Lingayen, Golpo ng Moro, Ilog ng Cagayan, Ilog Rio Grande de Mindanao, Look ng Maynila (Manila Bay), o mga waterfalls o Talon sa Lanao del Norte (Limunsudan) at Laguna (Pagsanjan), o ang Lawa ng Taal (Taal Lake), o pati na rin ang Dagat ng Sulu (Sulu Sea)?
Karagatan (Ocean) – This is the widest and largest body of water in the world. Huge sea vessels can travel here. There are five oceans in the world:
- Pacific Ocean – ocean closest to the Philippines. This is also the largest ocean.
- Atlantic Ocean
- Southern Ocean
- Indian Ocean
- Arctic Ocean
Lawa (Lake) – A lake is a body of water surrounded by land. There are many lakes in the Philippines. Lake water is fresh, and some of the fish that you can find in Philippine lakes are hito (catfish), dalag, tilapia, and ayungin.
Examples of lakes are: Taal Lake (where you will find the fish called tawilis), and Lanao Lake (found in Mindanao)
Tsanel (Channel) – A channel is a wide body of water found between islands. This has to be crossed into order to move from one island to another.
Examples of channels are: Babuyan Channel (found in northern Luzon), and Balintang Channel (separates Batanes from the Babuyan Islands)
Talon (Waterfall) – Waterfalls fall from a high place. Examples are: Tinago Falls (found in Iligan City), and Katibawasan Falls (found in Camiguin).
Look (Bay) – This serves as a harbor for sea-faring vessels in the Philippines. Passengers ride here, and goods can be loaded for transport to different places. Manila Bay (Look ng Maynila) is known for its beautiful sunsets.
Examples are: Subic Bay, and Look ng Maynila
Kipot (Strait) – This is a narrow body of water, which separates two large land forms. Examples are: Ang Kipot ng San Juanico (San Juanico Strait) which is found between Samar and Leyte. This is the narrowest strait in the Philippines.
Golpo (Gulf) – This is part of the ocean, and can be found at the opening of the sea. This can be used as a port for sea vessels. You can also fish here.
Examples: Golpo ng Lingayen (Lingayen Gulf) found near Pangasinan, and Golpo ng Ragay (Ragay Gulf) found near Camarines Norte. At iyan ang mga halimbawa ng golpo.
Ilog (River) – The river is a wide body of water that flows towards the sea. It has fresh water, so fresh-water fishes are harvested from rivers.
Examples of rivers are: Cagayan River (the longest and largest river in the Philippines), Pasig River (a river that can be seen in the city)
Batis (Stream or Brook) – This is a small body of flowing water. The source is a spring (bukal)
[QUESTION: Is there no Tagalog or Filipino word differentiating a stream from a brook?]
Sapa (Creek) – This is shallow and smaller than a stream. The water is used by farmers to irrigate their rice fields.
Bukal (Spring) – This is the smallest body of water. The water come from beneath the ground, and can be either hot or cold. Hot springs can be found in areas near volcanoes.
Examples: Bukal ng Bundok Makiling, Tiwi Hot Spring
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